Monday, June 09, 2014

Unifying Linear Dimensionality Reduction

In the Advanced Matrix Factorization Jungle page, we do not care if the inverse mapping is linear or nonlinear. The following paper features only techniques that features inverse linear mappings. In particular, this approach could not accomodate operations like compressive sensing since the inverse mapping (the sparsity seeking reconstruction solvers) are nonlinear. Without further due, here is this very interesting paper on linear dimensionality reduction methods.

Linear dimensionality reduction methods are a cornerstone of analyzing high dimensional data, due to their simple geometric interpretations and typically attractive computational properties. These methods capture many data features of interest, such as covariance, dynamical structure, correlation between data sets, input-output relationships, and margin between data classes. Methods have been developed with a variety of names and motivations in many fields, and perhaps as a result the deeper connections between all these methods have not been understood. Here we unify methods from this disparate literature as optimization programs over matrix manifolds. We discuss principal component analysis, factor analysis, linear multidimensional scaling, Fisher's linear discriminant analysis, canonical correlations analysis, maximum autocorrelation factors, slow feature analysis, undercomplete independent component analysis, linear regression, and more. This optimization framework helps elucidate some rarely discussed shortcomings of well-known methods, such as the suboptimality of certain eigenvector solutions. Modern techniques for optimization over matrix manifolds enable a generic linear dimensionality reduction solver, which accepts as input data and an objective to be optimized, and returns, as output, an optimal low-dimensional projection of the data. This optimization framework further allows rapid development of novel variants of classical methods, which we demonstrate here by creating an orthogonal-projection canonical correlations analysis. More broadly, we suggest that our generic linear dimensionality reduction solver can move linear dimensionality reduction toward becoming a blackbox, objective-agnostic numerical technology.

Join the CompressiveSensing subreddit or the Google+ Community and post there !
Liked this entry ? subscribe to Nuit Blanche's feed, there's more where that came from. You can also subscribe to Nuit Blanche by Email, explore the Big Picture in Compressive Sensing or the Matrix Factorization Jungle and join the conversations on compressive sensing, advanced matrix factorization and calibration issues on Linkedin.

No comments: