Friday, June 21, 2013

Towards a better compressed sensing

I believe that after reading this paper, I am getting a better sense as to how the Donoho-Tanner phase transition is being beaten through structured sparsity. 

Towards a better compressed sensing
Mihailo Stojnic

In this paper we look at a well known linear inverse problem that is one of the mathematical cornerstones of the compressed sensing field. In seminal works \cite{CRT,DOnoho06CS} $\ell_1$ optimization and its success when used for recovering sparse solutions of linear inverse problems was considered. Moreover, \cite{CRT,DOnoho06CS} established for the first time in a statistical context that an unknown vector of linear sparsity can be recovered as a known existing solution of an under-determined linear system through $\ell_1$ optimization. In \cite{DonohoPol,DonohoUnsigned} (and later in \cite{StojnicCSetam09,StojnicUpper10}) the precise values of the linear proportionality were established as well. While the typical $\ell_1$ optimization behavior has been essentially settled through the work of \cite{DonohoPol,DonohoUnsigned,StojnicCSetam09,StojnicUpper10}, we in this paper look at possible upgrades of $\ell_1$ optimization. Namely, we look at a couple of algorithms that turn out to be capable of recovering a substantially higher sparsity than the $\ell_1$. However, these algorithms assume a bit of "feedback" to be able to work at full strength. This in turn then translates the original problem of improving upon $\ell_1$ to designing algorithms that would be able to provide output needed to feed the $\ell_1$ upgrades considered in this papers.

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