Single and multiple snapshot compressive beamforming by Peter Gerstoft, Angeliki Xenaki, Christoph F. Mecklenbräuker
For a sound field observed on a sensor array, compressive sensing (CS) reconstructs the direction-of-arrivals (DOAs) of multiple sources using a sparsity constraint. The DOA estimation is posed as an underdetermined problem expressing the acoustic pressure at each sensor as a phase-lagged superposition of source amplitudes at all hypothetical DOAs. Regularizing with an $\ell_1$-norm constraint renders the problem solvable with convex optimization, while promoting sparsity resulting in high-resolution DOA maps. Here, the sparse source distribution is derived using maximum a posteriori estimates for both single and multiple snapshots. CS does not require inversion of the data covariance matrix and thus works well even for a single snapshot resulting in higher resolution than conventional beamforming. For multiple snapshots, CS outperforms conventional high-resolution methods, even with coherent arrivals and at low signal-to-noise ratio. The superior resolution of CS is demonstrated with vertical array data from the SWellEx96 experiment for coherent multi-paths.
Liked this entry ? subscribe to Nuit Blanche's feed, there's more where that came from. You can also subscribe to Nuit Blanche by Email, explore the Big Picture in Compressive Sensing or the Matrix Factorization Jungle and join the conversations on compressive sensing, advanced matrix factorization and calibration issues on Linkedin.