Near-Optimal Sample Complexity Bounds for Circulant Binary Embedding by Samet Oymak

Binary embedding is the problem of mapping points from a high-dimensional space to a Hamming cube in lower dimension while preserving pairwise distances. An efficient way to accomplish this is to make use of fast embedding techniques involving Fourier transform e.g.~circulant matrices. While binary embedding has been studied extensively, theoretical results on fast binary embedding are rather limited. In this work, we build upon the recent literature to obtain significantly better dependencies on the problem parameters. A set ofN points inRn can be properly embedded into the Hamming cube{±1}k withδ distortion, by usingk∼δ−3logN samples which is optimal in the number of pointsN and compares well with the optimal distortion dependencyδ−2 . Our optimal embedding result applies in the regimelogN≲n1/3 . Furthermore, if the looser conditionlogN≲n√ holds, we show that all but an arbitrarily small fraction of the points can be optimally embedded. We believe our techniques can be useful to obtain improved guarantees for other nonlinear embedding problems.

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