A Comparison between Deep Neural Nets and Kernel Acoustic Models for Speech Recognition by Zhiyun Lu, Dong Guo, Alireza Bagheri Garakani, Kuan Liu, Avner May, Aurelien Bellet, Linxi Fan, Michael Collins, Brian Kingsbury, Michael Picheny, Fei Sha
We study large-scale kernel methods for acoustic modeling and compare to DNNs on performance metrics related to both acoustic modeling and recognition. Measuring perplexity and frame-level classification accuracy, kernel-based acoustic models are as effective as their DNN counterparts. However, on token-error-rates DNN models can be significantly better. We have discovered that this might be attributed to DNN's unique strength in reducing both the perplexity and the entropy of the predicted posterior probabilities. Motivated by our findings, we propose a new technique, entropy regularized perplexity, for model selection. This technique can noticeably improve the recognition performance of both types of models, and reduces the gap between them. While effective on Broadcast News, this technique could be also applicable to other tasks.
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