Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Non-parametric PSF estimation from celestial transit solar images using blind deconvolution

Using blind deconvolution and a Venus transit to figure out the calibration of working camera onboard a current spacecraft. This is the feat of this paper: 

Non-parametric PSF estimation from celestial transit solar images using blind deconvolution by Adriana Gonzalez, Véronique Delouille, Laurent Jacques

Context: Characterization of instrumental effects in astronomical imaging is important in order to extract accurate physical information from the observations. Optics are never perfect and the non-ideal path through the telescope is usually represented by the convolution of an ideal image with a Point Spread Function (PSF). Other sources of noise (read-out, Photon) also contaminate the image acquisition process. The problem of estimating both the PSF filter and a denoised image is called blind deconvolution and is ill-posed.
Aims: We propose a blind deconvolution scheme that relies on image regularization. Contrarily to most methods presented in the literature, it does not assume a parametric model of the PSF and can thus be applied to any telescope.
Methods: Our scheme uses a wavelet analysis image prior model and weak assumptions on the PSF filter's response. We use the observations from a celestial body transit where such object can be assumed to be a black disk. Such constraints limits the interchangeability between the filter and the image in the blind deconvolution problem.
Results: Our method is applied on synthetic and experimental data. We compute the PSF for SECCHI/EUVI instrument using the 2007 Lunar transit, and for SDO/AIA with the 2012 Venus transit. Results show that the proposed non-parametric blind deconvolution method is able to estimate the core of the PSF with a similar quality than parametric methods proposed in the literature. We also show that, if these parametric estimations are incorporated in the acquisition model, the resulting PSF outperforms both the parametric and non-parametric methods.
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