Multispectral imaging using a single bucket detector by Liheng Bian, Jinli Suo, Guohai Situ, Ziwei Li, Feng Chen, Qionghai Dai
Current multispectral imagers suffer from low photon efficiency and limited spectrum range. These limitations are partially due to the technological limitations from array sensors (CCD or CMOS), and also caused by separative measurement of the entries/slices of a spatial-spectral data cube. Besides, they are mostly expensive and bulky. To address above issues, this paper proposes to image the 3D multispectral data with a single bucket detector in a multiplexing way. Under the single pixel imaging scheme, we project spatial-spectral modulated illumination onto the target scene to encode the scene's 3D information into a 1D measurement sequence. Conventional spatial modulation is used to resolve the scene's spatial information. To avoid increasing requisite acquisition time for 2D to 3D extension of the latent data, we conduct spectral modulation in a frequency-division multiplexing manner in the speed gap between slow spatial light modulation and fast detector response. Then the sequential reconstruction falls into a simple Fourier decomposition and standard compressive sensing problem. A proof-of-concept setup is built to capture the multispectral data (64 pixels $\times$ 64 pixels $\times$ 10 wavelength bands) in the visible wavelength range (450nm-650nm) with acquisition time being 1 minute. The imaging scheme is of high flexibility for different spectrum ranges and resolutions. It holds great potentials for various low light and airborne applications, and can be easily manufactured production-volume portable multispectral imagers.
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