Chandra just sent me the following:
I would like to draw your attention to the following work of ours:
The lecture video related to the paper is up on youtube:
I request you to kindly share these with Nuit Blanche readers, if possible.Chandra, this is great ! Here is the video:
Hope you find it interesting.
Thank you so much.
Deep Sparse Coding Using Optimized Linear Expansion of Thresholds by Debabrata Mahapatra, Subhadip Mukherjee, Chandra Sekhar Seelamantula
We address the problem of reconstructing sparse signals from noisy and compressive measurements using a feed-forward deep neural network (DNN) with an architecture motivated by the iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm (ISTA). We maintain the weights and biases of the network links as prescribed by ISTA and model the nonlinear activation function using a linear expansion of thresholds (LET), which has been very successful in image denoising and deconvolution. The optimal set of coefficients of the parametrized activation is learned over a training dataset containing measurement-sparse signal pairs, corresponding to a fixed sensing matrix. For training, we develop an efficient second-order algorithm, which requires only matrix-vector product computations in every training epoch (Hessian-free optimization) and offers superior convergence performance than gradient-descent optimization. Subsequently, we derive an improved network architecture inspired by FISTA, a faster version of ISTA, to achieve similar signal estimation performance with about 50% of the number of layers. The resulting architecture turns out to be a deep residual network, which has recently been shown to exhibit superior performance in several visual recognition tasks. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the proposed DNN architectures lead to 3 to 4 dB improvement in the reconstruction signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), compared with the state-of-the-art sparse coding algorithms.
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