Tuesday, November 05, 2013

The achievable performance of convex demixing, Convexity in source separation: Models, geometry, and algorithms

Today's word is demixing:

The achievable performance of convex demixing by Michael B. McCoy and Joel A. Tropp

Abstract. Demixing is the problem of identifying multiple structured signals from a superimposed, undersampled, and noisy observation. This work analyzes a general framework, based on convex optimization, for solving demixing problems. When the constituent signals follow a generic incoherence model, this analysis leads to precise recovery guarantees. These results admit an attractive interpretation: each signal possesses an intrinsic degrees-of-freedom parameter, and demixing can succeed if and only if the dimension of the observation exceeds the total degrees of freedom present in the observation.

Source separation or demixing is the process of extracting multiple components entangled within a signal. Contemporary signal processing presents a host of difficult source separation problems, from interference cancellation to background subtraction, blind deconvolution, and even dictionary learning. Despite the recent progress in each of these applications, advances in high-throughput sensor technology place demixing algorithms under pressure to accommodate extremely high-dimensional signals, separate an ever larger number of sources, and cope with more sophisticated signal and mixing models. These difficulties are exacerbated by the need for real-time action in automated decision-making systems.
Recent advances in convex optimization provide a simple framework for efficiently solving numerous difficult demixing problems. This article provides an overview of the emerging field, explains the theory that governs the underlying procedures, and surveys algorithms that solve them efficiently. We aim to equip practitioners with a toolkit for constructing their own demixing algorithms that work, as well as concrete intuition for why they work.

I note a mention about blind deconvolution as featured earlier in Blind Deconvolution using Convex Programming - implementation -

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