Wednesday, August 28, 2013

Compressive Multiplexing of Correlated Signals

Compressive Multiplexing of Correlated Signals by Ali Ahmed, Justin Romberg

We present a general architecture for the acquisition of ensembles of correlated signals. The signals are multiplexed onto a single line by mixing each one against a different code and then adding them together, and the resulting signal is sampled at a high rate. We show that if the $M$ signals, each bandlimited to $W/2$ Hz, can be approximated by a superposition of $R < M$ underlying signals, then the ensemble can be recovered by sampling at a rate within a logarithmic factor of $RW$ (as compared to the Nyquist rate of $MW$). This sampling theorem shows that the correlation structure of the signal ensemble can be exploited in the acquisition process even though it is unknown a priori.
The reconstruction of the ensemble is recast as a low-rank matrix recovery problem from linear measurements. The architectures we are considering impose a certain type of structure on the linear operators. Although our results depend on the mixing forms being random, this imposed structure results in a very different type of random projection than those analyzed in the low-rank recovery literature to date.

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